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The Kyrgyz Republic’s major exports include gold, textiles, non-precious metals, electricity, footwear, alcoholic beverages, and mechanical equipment. Major imports include fuel, natural gas, iron, machinery, automobiles, chemical products, medicine, and food products.
Mining has attracted more foreign investment than any other sector, but the sector remains underdeveloped and extremely politically sensitive. Chinese, Kazakh, and Russian firms continue to seek access to other natural resources.
Consumption fueled by remittances from Russia continues to be a key component of the economy. The middle class has grown substantially, mainly in Bishkek, generating demand for Western products. Construction, fueled largely by remittances, has been booming in recent years, primarily in the form of apartment buildings that have drastically changed the Bishkek skyline over the past five years.